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Official languages in individual countries

Official languages in individual countries

Before setting off on a journey, it is worth knowing what language applies in the destination country. It is also good to be aware of what language you will speak during any transfers you might have. See which languages are recognised as official in each country.

EUROPE

Country

Official language

Albania

Albanian,

Alderney

English,

Andorra

Catalan,

Austria

German, locally: Burgenland-Croatian and Slovenian

Azores

Portuguese,

Belgium

French, Dutch, German,

Belarus

Belarusian, Russian,

Bosnia and Herzegovina

none, de facto: Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian,

Bulgaria

Bulgarian,

Croatia

Croatian,

Montenegro

Montenegrin,

Czech Republic

Czech,

Denmark

Danish,

Estonia

Estonian,

Finland

Finnish, Swedish,

France

French,

Gibraltar

English,

Gran Canaria

Spanish,

Greece

Modern Greek,

Guernsey

English,

Spain

Spanish, locally: Catalan, Galician and Basque,

Netherlands

Dutch, locally: Frisian,

Ireland

English, Irish

Iceland

Icelandic,

Jan Mayen

Norwegian,

Jersey

English, Jèrriais,

Kazakhstan

Kazakh, Russian,

Kosovo

Albanian, Serbian,

Lichtenstein

German,

Lithuania

Lithuanian,

Luxembourg

Luxembourgish, French, German,

Latvia

Latvian,

Northern Macedonia

Macedonian, Albanian,

Madera

Portuguese,

Malta

Maltese, English,

Moldova

Romanian, locally:  Gagauz, Russian, Ukrainian,

Monaco

French,

Transnistria

Moldovan, Russian, Ukrainian,

Germany

German,

Norway

Norwegian,

Poland

Polish,

Portugal

Portuguese,

Russia

Russian,

Romania

Romanian,

San Marino

Italian,

Serbia

Serbian,

Slovakia

Slovak,

Slovenia

Slovene, locally: Hungarian and Italian,

Svalbard

Norwegian,

Switzerland

German, French, Italian, Romansh,

Sweden

Swedish,

Tenerife

Spanish,

Turkey

Turkish,

Ukraine

Ukrainian,

Vatican

Latin, Italian,

Hungary

Hungarian,

United Kingdom

English,

Italy

Italian, locally: French, Ladin, German, Sardinian and Slovenian

Isle of Man

English, Manx,

Faroe Islands

Danish, Faroese,

ASIA

Country

Official language

Abkhazia

Abkhazian, Russian,

Afghanistan

Dari, Pashto,

Saudi Arabia

Arabic,

Armenia

Armenian,

Azerbaijan

Azeri,

Bahrain

Arabic,

Bangladesh

Bengali,

Bhutan

Dzongkha,

Brunei

Dzongkha,

China

Mandarin,

Cyprus

Modern Greek, Turkish,

Northern Cyprus

Turkish,

Philippines

Filipino, English,

Nagorno-Karabakh

Armenian,

Georgia

Georgian,

India

Hindi, English,

Indonesia

Indonesian,

Iraq

Arabic, Kurdish,

Iran

Persian,

Israel

Hebrew,

Japan

Japanese,

Yemen

Arabic,

Jordan

Arabic,

Cambodia

Khmer,

Qatar

Arabic,

Kazakhstan

Kazakh, Russian,

Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyz, Russian,

South Korea

Korean, Korean sign language

North Korea

Korean,

Kuwait

Arabic,

Laos

Laotian,

Lebanon

Arabic,

Maldives

Maldivian,

Malaysia

Malay,

Myanmar/Burma

Burmese,

Mongolia

Mongolian,

Nepal

Nepali,

Oman

Arabic,

South Ossetia

Ossetian, Russian,

Pakistan

Urdu, English,

Palestine

Arabic,

Russia

Russian,

Singapore

English, Mandarin, Malay, Tamil,

Sri Lanka

Sinhala, Tamil, English,

Syria

Arabic,

Tajikistan

Tajik,

Thailand

Thai,

Taiwan

Mandarin,

East Timor

Tetum, Portuguese,

Turkey

Turkish,

Turkmenistan

Turkmen,

Uzbekistan

Uzbek,

Vietnam

Vietnamese,

United Arab Emirates

Arabic,

NORTH AMERICA

Country

Official language

Anguilla

English,

Antigua and Barbuda

English,

Aruba

Dutch, Papiamento,

Bahamas

English,

Barbados

English,

Belize

English,

Bermuda

English,

British Virgin Islands

English,

Curaçao

Dutch, Papiamento,

Dominica

English,

Dominican Republic

Spanish,

Grenada

English,

Greenland

Danish, Greenlandic,

Guatemala

Spanish,

Guadeloupe

French,

Haiti

Haitian, French,

Caribbean Netherlands

Dutch, Papiamento, English,

Honduras

Spanish,

Jamaica

English, Jamaican,

Canada

English, French,

Cayman Islands

English,

Costa Rica

Spanish,

Cuba

Spanish,

Martinique

French,

Mexico

none, de facto: Spanish,

Montserrat

English,

Navassa

English,

Nicaragua

Spanish,

Panama

Spanish,

Puerto Rico

Spanish, English,

Saba

Dutch, English,

Saint Kitts and Nevis

English, Creole,

Saint Lucia

English,

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

English,

Saint-Barthelemy

French,

Saint-Martin

French,

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon

French,

Sint Maarten

Dutch, English,

El Salvador

Spanish,

United States

none, de facto: English,

Turks and Caicos

English,

United States Virgin Islands

English,

SOUTH AMERICA

Country

Official language

Argentina

Spanish,

Bolivia

Spanish,

Brazil

Portuguese,

Chile

Spanish,

Ecuador

Spanish,

Falkland Islands

English,

Guiana

English,

Columbia

Spanish,

Paraguay

Spanish, guarani,

Peru

Spanish, Quechua, Aymara,

Surinam

Dutch,

Trinidad and Tobago

English,

Uruguay

Spanish,

Venezuela

Spanish,

AUSTRALIA

Country

Official language

Australia

none, de facto: English,

Fiji

English, Fijian

Guam

English, Chamorro,

Kiribati

English, Kiribati,

Northern Mariana Islands

English, Chamorro, Carolingian,

Midway

English,

Micronesia

English,

Nauru

English, Nauru,

Niue

English, Niue,

Norfolk

English, Norfuk,

New Caledonia

French,

New Zealand

English, Maori, New Zealand sign language,

Palau

English, Palau, Japanese,

Papua New Guinea

English, Tok pisin, Hiri motu,

Pitcairn

English, Pitcairn,

French Polynesia

French,

Samoa

Samoan, English,

American Samoa

English, Samoan,

Tokelau

Tokelauan, English,

Tonga

Tongan, English,

Tuvalu

Tuvaluan, English,

Vanuatu

Bislama, English, French,

Wake

English,

Wallis and Futuna

French,

Christmas Island

English,

Cook Islands

English, Maori,

Coconut Islands

English,

Marshall Islands

Marshallese, English,

Solomon Islands

English,

AFRICA

Country

Official language

Algeria

Arabic, Berber,

Angola

Portuguese,

Benin

French,

Botswana

English, Setswana,

Burkina Faso

French,

Burundi

Kirundi, French, English,

Chad

Arabic, French,

Democratic Republic of Kongo

French,

Djibouti

Arabic, French,

Egypt

Arabic,

Eritrea

none, de facto: Arabic, English, Tigrinya,

Ethiopia

Amharic,

Gabon

French,

Gambia

Arabic, English,

Ghana

English,

Guinea

French,

Guinea Bissau

Portuguese,

Equatorial Guinea

Spanish, French, Portuguese,

Cameroon

English, French,

Kenia

Swahili, English,

Comoros

Arabic, French, Comorian,

Kongo

French,

Lesotho 

Sotho, English,

Liberia

English,

Libya

Arabic,

Madagascar

Malagasy, French,

Malawi

English, Chichewa,

Mali

French,

Morocco

Arabic, Tamazight,

Mauretania

Arabic,

Mauritius

none, de facto: English and French,

Mozambique

Portuguese,

Namibia

English,

Niger

French,

Nigeria

English,

Republic of South Africa

Afrikaans, English, Xhosa, Ndebele, Pedi, Soto, Swaziland, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Zulu,

Central African Republic

French, Sango,

Cape Verde

Portuguese,

Rwanda

Ruanda, French, English,

Senegal

French,

Seychelles

Seychelles Creole, French, English,

Sierra Leone

English,

Somalia

Somali, Arabic,

Swaziland (Eswatini)

Swazi, English,

Sudan

Arabic, English,

South Sudan

English,

Tanzania

English, Swahili,

Togo

French,

Tunisia

Arabic,

Uganda

English, Swahili,

Ivory Coast

French,

São Tomé and Príncipe

Portuguese,

Zambia

English,

Zimbabwe

English,

 

 

 

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